Conservation + protection

Kulangsu is under the protection of many Chinese or international conventions, laws and regulations on heritage conservation. A scientific and effective management scheme has been set up to guide the dedicated authorities to take appropriate protection measures, including preparation and implementation of special plan on protection and management of heritage area, and standardization of decision-making mechanism of protection and project review and management process. Coordinate the heritage protection and community development. Encourage local community to actively participate in the conservation process. 1. Overall Conservation Kulangsu is a heritage site comprising of complex heritage elements. Laws and regulations concerning protection of world heritage and scenic areas in China provide the guidelines for protection of the historic roads, spatial layout, streets and communities on the Island and overall conservation. State Administration of cultural heritage of people’s republic of china,Construction and Planning Department and other management authorities are responsible for the conservation. 2. Conservation of historical buildings, yards and structures There are two levels of protection of Kulangsu’s historic buildings. Those included into the system of cultural heritage site protection are mainly protected through China’s cultural heritage protection and management system; those included into the system of historical building protection are protected through the system of historical building protection established by the Xiamen Special Economic Zone. 3. Conservation of natural landscapes and cultural relics There are rich natural landscapes and cultural relics on Kulangsu. The former is under the management of Kulangsu Management Committee under the guidance of construction and planning department at higher level while the latter is under guidance of culture heritage administration department at higher level. 4. Focus on community requirements and encourage community engagement in heritage conservation Local community is the cradle for heritage attributes on Kulangsu, also the fundamental for preservation of the heritage values. When drafting the protection strategy for cultural relics,Xiamen city and Kulangsu Heritage Administrative Committee always follow the principles to unite the community rights and requirements for social development via good communication with the local community and stakeholders. The Regulations of Xiamen Special Economic Zone for the Protection of Kulangsu Cultural Heritage is another legislation to protect the rights of local communities who are encouraged to be involved in conservation of heritage site. There are many voluntarily groups dedicated to conservation of the cultural relics on Kulangsu. “Kulang Dialect” is one example. This society initiated by local residents work with local administrative authorities and…

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History since 1945

In 1945, the National Government of the Republic of China took back Kulangsu. Then, the multicultural prosperity was resumed to some extent. In 1949, the People’s Republic of China was founded. With the reform of the social system, Kulangsu entered a new development period. The population structure was greatly changed. Instead of building villas and western-style houses, which had been the main construction activities on the island, houses and living facilities for ordinary people were built. Construction projects saw a slow increase. However, the overall layout was not changed too much, especially the spatial structure, basically maintaining the overall appearance at the end of the 1930s and the beginning of the 1940s. The reform and opening-up of China in the 1980s promoted the development of Kulangsu as a scenic spot, which soon became well-known nationwide. A series of new conservation and improvement projects were launched. With the establishment of the scenic spot, the industrial facilities renovated later were basically relocated in other areas outside the island. In addition, effective environmental improvement and beautification projects were carried out. Over the past 10 years, with increasingly raised awareness of cultural heritage conservation, more and more attention has been paid to the conservation of the overall historical environment on the island, which has become a principle acknowledged and followed by various plans. Therefore, different from most of other areas, there has never been sharp change of the styles and features of the historical international settlement of Kulangsu due to fast urban development.

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