His­to­ry since 1945

In 1945, the Na­tion­al Gov­ern­ment of the Re­pub­lic of Chi­na took back Ku­lang­su. Then, the mul­ti­cul­tur­al pros­per­i­ty was re­sumed to some extent.
In 1949, the Peo­ple’s Re­pub­lic of Chi­na was founded.

With the re­form of the so­cial sys­tem, Ku­lang­su en­tered a new de­vel­op­ment pe­ri­od. The pop­u­la­tion struc­ture was great­ly changed. In­stead of build­ing vil­las and west­ern-style hous­es, which had been the main con­struc­tion ac­tiv­i­ties on the is­land, hous­es and liv­ing fa­cil­i­ties for or­di­nary peo­ple were built. Con­struc­tion projects saw a slow increase.

How­ev­er, the over­all lay­out was not changed too much, es­pe­cial­ly the spa­tial struc­ture, ba­si­cal­ly main­tain­ing the over­all ap­pear­ance at the end of the 1930s and the be­gin­ning of the 1940s. The re­form and open­ing-up of Chi­na in the 1980s pro­mot­ed the de­vel­op­ment of Ku­lang­su as a scenic spot, which soon be­came well-known na­tion­wide. A se­ries of new con­ser­va­tion and im­prove­ment projects were launched. With the es­tab­lish­ment of the scenic spot, the in­dus­tri­al fa­cil­i­ties ren­o­vat­ed lat­er were ba­si­cal­ly re­lo­cat­ed in oth­er ar­eas out­side the island.

In ad­di­tion, ef­fec­tive en­vi­ron­men­tal im­prove­ment and beau­ti­fi­ca­tion projects were car­ried out. Over the past 10 years, with in­creas­ing­ly raised aware­ness of cul­tur­al her­itage con­ser­va­tion, more and more at­ten­tion has been paid to the con­ser­va­tion of the over­all his­tor­i­cal en­vi­ron­ment on the is­land, which has be­come a prin­ci­ple ac­knowl­edged and fol­lowed by var­i­ous plans. There­fore, dif­fer­ent from most of oth­er ar­eas, there has nev­er been sharp change of the styles and fea­tures of the his­tor­i­cal in­ter­na­tion­al set­tle­ment of Ku­lang­su due to fast ur­ban development.